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(DEPARTMENT OF CORRESPONDENCE COURSES)
CENTRAL HINDI DIRECTORATE

(Brief description of Video Cassettes)

The Department of Correspondence Courses, Central Hindi Directorate has prepared Video-Cassettes as supplementary teaching material on different grammar points. The brief description of these are as follows: -
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VIDEO CASSETTE-VOL-I

WELCOME TO INDIA -LEARN HINDI

In this cassette conversational sentences covering a variety of common day-to-day situations have been presented in an interesting way. Common conversational forms of Hindi for Non-Hindi speaking persons. and foreigners as they use in hotels, banks, markets and restaurants and to unknown people have been dealt in this cassette. This will be helpful for tourists also.
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VIDEO CASSETTE VOL-II

BAATEIN KAREIN SHURU

'AAP', 'TUM' AUR 'TOO'

This cassette deals with the usage 'You'. There -are three pronouns in Hindi 'Tu', 'Tum' and 'Aap' to denote second person. 'Tu' is generally used to address a very junior person or one who is very intimate. Sometimes it is used to address 'God' also. 'Tum' is used particularly when addressing juniors and equals who are intimate. 'Aap' is a polite or honorific form of address as is extensively used in speech and conversation. All these forms- are explained in this cassette.
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VIDEO CASSETTE VOL.III

KARTA AUR KRIYA KA MAL

BEECH-BEECH MAIN 'NE' KA KHEL

In Hindi sentence construction subject, object and verb are three important factors. In this cassette formation of simple past tense with intransitive verbs i.e. verbs not- requiring an object and simple past tense with transitive verbs i.e. verbs requiring an object have been explained. In formation of simple past tense the verb will agree with the subject on 'a:e:i:' pattern of agreement. Postposition 'Ne' is used when verb is transitive and in past form, then the verb agrees according to the number and gender of the object. All this has been explained in this Cassette.
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VIDEO CASSETTE VOL.IV

VAKYA MAIN 'KO' KA YOGA

PRAKAT KARE VIVIDH PRAYOGA

'Sub+Ko' construction has been explained in this cassette in simple and interesting way 'Sub+Ko' is generally used where the subject is animate and the sentence involves certain actions which essentially belongs to human or living being. Hindi has a number of 'Sub+ko' patterns requiring the use of 'Ko' with the subject. Pattern denoting need and necessity. Pattern denoting physiological/mental state, pattern denoting knowledge, liking, feeling, meeting etc., all of these have been dealt within this cassette.
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VIDEO CASSETTE VOL. V

HINDI MAIN LING KA ADHAR

THODA VYAKARAN THODA VYAVHAR

In this cassette emphasis is on gender-training. To write correct Hindi it is essential to have correct knowledge of the gender. Genders can be ascertained through pronouns like. 'Ke' 'Ki' 'Mera' 'Meri' and through adjective i.e. 'BADA' 'BADI' used in the sentences. Generally nouns ending with 'a' or 'a:' are masculine and those ending with 'i' or 'i:' are feminine. Abstract noun ending in 'Pa' 'Pan' 'Aav' are masculine. All these gender problems have been explained in this cassette.
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VIDEO CASSETTE VOL. VI

HINDI MAIN 'TO' 'BHI' 'HI'

PRAYOG KEEJIYE SAHI-SAHI

In this Cassette the usage of particles 'To', 'Bhi' and 'Hi' has been explained. The usage of these change the meaning and gist of a sentence, but their own meaning never change. 'To' particle to denote emphasis, certainty and insistence. 'Bhi' is used for comparison or to show similarity. Sometimes 'Bhi' explains amazement and doubtful situations. 'Hi' is a particle of positive type. It shows special like 'To'. 'Hi' sometimes denotes either emphasis or suddenness of a work or incident.
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VOL. VII

MUKHYA KRIYA KE SAATH RANJAK KRIYA.

MILKAR BANAYE SANYUKT KRIYA

Compound verbs play an important role in construction of Hindi sentences. They are the combination of two verbs denoting one composite idea. Of these, the first verb is the main verb and second one is the intensifier, which Intensifies or modifies the meaning of main verb and in this process intensifier loses its own meaning. 'a:na:', 'Ja:na:', 'le:na:, 'uth:na:', 'baithna:' are common intensifiers. The forms of such compound verbs have been explained in this cassette.
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VIDEO CASSETTE -VOL. VIII

SUBJECT-VERB AGREEMENT

In a sentence there should be uniformity of gender, number and person. This is called 'Agreement'. According to verb there are three types of sentence construction in Hindi-Subjectival construction, Objectival construction and Neutral construction. In Subjectival construction, Objective construction and Neutral construction. In Subjectival construction verb agrees with the subject in gender, number and person. In Objectival sentences is usually 'Ne' postposition is used with the subject. In such sentences verb agrees with the gender number and person of the subject and in neutral construction 'Ne' is used with the subject and 'KO' is used with the object. In such constructions verbs is always used in Masculine Singular form i.e. verb constantly remains in Masculine Singular form. In this cassette the usage of the Subject-verb agreement has been explained.
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VIDEO CASSETTE VOL. IX

STANDARDIZATION OF Devanāgarī SCRIPT

Hindi is written in 'Devanāgarī Script' which is a scientific script. However, some new rules have been framed to maintain its uniformity. In this cassette we have given information about those rules, so that mistakes about script and spellings may be minimized. The Cassette will also help those who wish to get acquainted with the standardization of Devanāgarī Script while learning Hindi.
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VIDEO CASSETTE -VOL. X

CORRECT USE OF IDIOMS IN HINDI

This Cassette is related to the usage and meaning of idioms in Hindi. We almost use idioms in colloquial and written language. Idioms express specific meaning. By using idioms we make language more interesting and effective. For using idioms it is necessary to have knowledge of exact meaning of the same. This cassette shows all these characteristics of the idioms.
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